11 Pediatric Specialties and How Each Can Help Your Child

Did you know that your pediatrician can help with more than just minor childhood health concerns? In fact, there are specialists in a variety of fields that can help identify and treat your child’s developmental and even psychological issues. If you are looking for a pediatrician in Jacksonville, FL, 24/7 Pediatric Care Centers provides after hour pediatrics services so you know your child is taken care of whenever they need help. We also provide referrals if your child needs to see a specialist for all types of conditions. If you have a child in need of Jax pediatrics, check out these 11 Jacksonville pediatricians’ specialties and how each one can help your child.


A Neonatology specialist is a pediatrician that works with infants that are born prematurely, with birth defects, infections, or other medical concerns. They work exclusively in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, or the NICU, with quarantined infants. They may also be present during the delivery when a pregnancy is high risk or has revealed abnormalities. By having a trusted pediatrician like the ones at 24/7 Pediatric Care Centers you can get referrals to top specialists if your child needs something further than general care.

Pediatric Cardiology

A pediatric cardiologist focuses on treating conditions of the heart in infants and children. This includes birth defects and heart disease. It is also common for them to work with obese patients to prevent cardiac disease. These specialists examine, diagnose, treat, and perform surgery on patients with heart conditions from babies to young adults. 

Pediatric Hematology/Oncology

A pediatric Oncologist works with children who are unfortunately diagnosed with cancer. Over 80% of child cancer patients have an expected survival time of more than five years according to the American Cancer Society. These doctors work daily to improve this number even more by providing early diagnosis and treating young cancer patients. 

Pediatric Surgery

As the name suggests, a pediatric surgeon is a surgical doctor that performs operations on children rather than adults. Because pediatric surgery is a specialty in and of itself, these doctors often perform a number of procedures in a range of body systems. This specialty requires extensive training and a strong comprehension of both the biological body systems and the surgical techniques required to treat concerns. It is common for these surgeons to perform procedures to treat birth defects, injuries, transplants, and other common medical procedures. 

Pediatric Emergency Medicine and Critical Care

As a parent, there is nothing more terrifying than having to take your child to the hospital in the middle of the night with a potentially life-threatening condition. Pediatric emergency medicine specialists are available to provide after-hours care and are knowledgeable about a range of conditions such as seizures, trauma, poisonings, respiratory concerns, and other common childhood urgent care concerns. 

Pediatric emergency medicine specialists are responsible for the initial care of children with a variety of conditions from mild to severe according to the Council of Pediatric Subspecialties. 

Pediatric Pulmonology

The pulmonology specialty focuses on the respiratory systems and all the conditions that are associated with it. This includes children that suffer from asthma, cystic fibrosis, apnea, pneumonia, and even lung disease. It is not uncommon for children to experience breathing problems at some point throughout their development. A specialist comes into play when they need direct, customized treatment for recurring issues such as chronic asthma or a moderate to severe illness that impacts the lungs. 


One of the most common specialists for children to visit is an ear, nose, and throat specialist, or an ENT. In fact, approximately 83% of children experience at least one ear infection before they reach the age of three. This may require a specialist if the ear infections continue or become chronic. In some cases, an ENT may develop a specialized treatment plan specifically for your child. 


A pediatric endocrinologist treats conditions that are brought on by an imbalance in the endocrine system. This can include conditions such as type 1 diabetes, hormone imbalances, and other conditions that originate in the pancreas, thyroid, or adrenals. In most cases, these conditions are too complex to be managed by a primary care physician or general pediatrician, but your pediatrician will be able to refer you to the best specialists in the area. It is common for treatment for these conditions to be an ongoing process throughout a child’s early development. 

Allergy and Immunology

Allergies can range from being a minor annoyance to producing life-threatening reactions in the immune system. If your child does develop food allergies, your everyday Jacksonville pediatricians may be able to provide some treatment options, however, if the allergies continue to develop or become too severe, they may refer you to an allergy specialist. An allergist or immunologist can provide care for a range of allergy-related conditions such as asthma, skiing and eye allergies, and autoimmune disorders.


Skin conditions aren’t limited to hormonal teenagers and pregnant women, babies can experience a wide variety of their own skin conditions that can cause discomfort, scarring, or pain. Common conditions include cradle cap, blemishes, eczema, hemangiomas, dermatitis, dandruff, and skin allergies. A dermatologist can help put your little one at ease by analyzing your child’s skin condition, identifying the underlying cause, and treating persistent or chronic skin conditions. 


Digestion can be a complicated issue, especially in young, developing bodies. Gastroenterologists in the pediatric field specialize in treating digestive health concerns in babies and children. This includes a range of conditions that may impact a child’s eating habits or bathroom habits. It is common for a specialist to perform minor medical procedures using scopes and imaging. Treatment often consists of a combined effort by a variety of specialties such as endocrinologists or pulmonologists depending on the complexity of your child’s condition. 

If you have a child who is suffering from any condition from mild to severe, don’t wait to be seen. Check out 24/7 Pediatric Care Centers, one of the best 24 hour pediatricians in Jacksonville, FL. Our dedicated team will be able to perform the initial intake for your child, determine the best course of action, and provide treatment or referrals to a specialist that is uniquely qualified to help your child to the best of their abilities.

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24/7 Pediatric Care Centers are Jacksonville pediatricians, Jacksonville Beach pediatricians, and Fleming Island pediatricians providing care for children from newborn to 18 years. Our 24-hour office also provides services for non-life-threatening illnesses to registered patients 24 hours a day.

24/7 Pediatric Care Centers is not a substitute for Emergency or Trauma-related medical care.
If you feel your child is experiencing a life-threatening event, immediately call 911.